Four Season Gardening in North Carolina
Timing is everything!

Just as our summer vegetable harvest is hitting full stride, we are preparing beds for my favorite gardening time of the year - fall and winter. We can plant a variety of vegetables that thrive in autumn's cooler temperature and that we can continue to harvest through winter. Fall and winter vegetables such as carrots, kale and collards actually taste better after they have been kissed with cold weather. The key to a successful second season harvest is to plant in the next few weeks so your vegetable plants can get established before temperatures drop and daylight shortens.

If you are starting fall vegetable from seeds, use the earliest dates in the chart below. Seed starting in the late summer can be a challenge for cool weather plants. Sow your seeds in a cool, shady spot and keep them constantly moist. If you are investing in fall transplants, plant using the later dates in the chart below. Look for planting space in existing beds where summer crops are winding down and tuck your seedlings in-between. The summer crops can provide cooling shade for your new fall crop.

Growing carrots? Check out this article.

Fall Vegetable Planting Guide for North Carolina

Vegetables

Suggested Planting

Inches Between Plants

Cold Tolerance

Days to Maturity

Asparagus (crowns)

Nov. 15 to Mar. 15

15

--

2 years

Beets

July 15 to Aug. 15

2

Semi-hardy

55 to 60

Broccoli

July 15 to Aug. 15

18

Hardy

70 to 80

Brussels sprouts

July 1 to 15

20

Hardy

90 to 100

Cabbage (plants)

Aug 1 to 15

12

Hardy

70 to 80

Cabbage, Chinese

Aug. 1 to 15

12

Hardy

75-85

Carrots

July 1 to 15

2

Hardy

85 to 95

Cauliflower

Aug 1 to 15

18

Semi-hardy

55 to 65

Collards

July 15 to Aug. 15

18

Hardy

60 to 100

Cucumbers, pickling

Aug. 1 to 15

10

Tender

40 to 50

Cucumbers, slicing

Aug. 1 to 15

10

Tender

40 to 50

Kale

Aug. 15 to Sept. 1

6

Hardy

40 to 50

Kohlrabi

Aug. 1 to Sept. 1

4

Hardy

50 to 60

Lettuce (leaf)

Aug. 1 to Sept. 1

6

Semi-hardy

40 to 50

Lettuce (head)

Aug. 15 to 31

10

Semi-hardy

70 to 85

Mustard

Aug. 1 to Sept. 15

2

Hardy

30 to 40

Onions (seeds)

Sept. 1 to 30

4

Hardy

130 to 150

Onions (sets or plants)

Sept. 1 to 15

4

Hardy

60 to 80

Radishes

Aug. 15 to Sept. 15

1

Hardy

25 to 30

Radish, Diakon

Aug. 15 to Sept. 15

4

Hardy

60 to 75

Rutabagas

July 1 to Aug. 1

4

Semi-hardy

70 to 80

Spinach

Aug. 1 to 15

6

Hardy

50 to 60

Turnips

Aug. 1 to 31

2

Hardy

55 to 60